For some users of electronic cigarettes, the refill juice they choose might be the most important choice of all. Also known as e-juice, the refill juice can be purchased in a multitude of flavours from dozens of online retailers. Juice comes in different nicotine levels; some with natural tobacco flavouring and even some with menthol added. Finding the right collection of juices that suits your tastes and preferences is one of the things about vaping that most intrigues users.

Even though you can purchase e-juice online or at local retailers, lots of vapers enjoy the pleasure of making their own. They purchase the necessary ingredients, search for recipes on the Internet, or even create their own recipes from scratch. It's quite a fascinating and enjoyable hobby if that's something you're into. And as an added bonus, it's not all that difficult.

VG/PG/PEG

Perhaps you've scanned the various e-cig forums and seen terms like VG and PG. What do they mean? Simply put, they are just acronyms used to describe some of the ingredients found in a typical e-juice recipe. VG stands for vegetable glycerine, an extremely common substance you can find in your local market or grocery store. Food-grade vegetable glycerine is used in all sorts of food colouring. Pharmaceutical-grade VG is used in cosmetics.

PG is an acronym for propylene glycol. Propylene glycol is another common substance that's easy to find at a local store or online. In fact, I bet you didn't know that propylene glycol is the main ingredient in most commercial food colourings. In fact, most of us consume enough of it in a day just in the foods we eat, to equal several packs of e-cigarettes. It is completely harmless to humans and animals when used in the e-juice. Finally, PEG stands for polyethylene glycol; a substance that's used less frequently in e-juice recipes.

In most cases at the primary base of liquid for an e-juice recipe will be either the VG or PG. Your choice will depend on your preferences for overall flavour and vaporizing properties. For the best flavour and nicotine hit, PG tends to be the base liquid of choice. If you prefer a more intense vapour cloud, you'll want to use VG. You might even combine the two if it suits your purposes. For example, some vapers start with a propylene glycol-based liquid and then slightly dilute it with vegetable glycerine. This gives them the maximum flavour they're after with a slightly enhanced vapour cloud.

E-Juice Recipes

There are plenty of recipes online for making your own e-juice. What you'll need is a base liquid, liquid nicotine, distilled water, and candy flavouring When it comes to the nicotine itself, it's highly recommended that you buy liquid nicotine from a credible supplier. Although there are plenty of websites that teach people how to extract nicotine from standard tobacco products, it is not really safe for your e-cig atomiser and, in the end, will be more expensive because you'll have to buy regular cigarettes. You're better off purchasing liquid nicotine or a base liquid with the nicotine already added.

One other thing you need to know is how nicotine levels are measured. If you see a measurement that looks something like 16mg/ml, that's telling you that for every millilitre of base liquid you have 16 mg of nicotine. Further simplified, that means your solution is 1.6% nicotine by volume. The most common volume measurements of nicotine are 36 mg, 24 mg, 20 mg, 16 mg, 12 mg, and 0 mg. If you're making your own juice be very careful not to add too much nicotine; it could make you very sick.

In closing we'll just list two common recipes often found on the Internet. There are many more, so don't feel as though you're limited to these two. You can also feel free to experiment and come up with your own recipes. In fact, the ability to be creative with DIY juices is one of the most enjoyable things about vaping.

Recipe #1

10% distilled water

10% candy flavouring

20% commercial eliquid nicotine

30% food-grade glycerine

30% food-grade propylene glycol


This recipe makes a pretty standard commercial-quality juice that's pretty similar to the stuff you buy online. It offers a decent vapour mist and decent flavour, and nicotine levels according to the base liquid you purchase.

Recipe #2

72% food-grade vegetable glycerine

18% distilled water

10% candy flavouring


This second recipe is designed for a vapers who have managed to kick the nicotine habit altogether, but still want to vape for the sensory experience. It provides a great vapour mist and good flavouring without any of the nicotine.